This study aims to validate the stable carbon isotopic composition (d13C) of phytoplankton as a tool for detecting submarine leakages of anthropogenic CO2(g), since it is characterised by d13C values significantly lower than the natural CO2 dissolved in oceans. Three culture experiments were carried out to investigate the changes in d13C of the diatom Thalassiosira rotula during growth in an artificially modified medium (ASW). Three dierent dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) concentrations were tested to verify if carbon availability affects phytoplankton d13C. Simultaneously, at each experiment, T. rotula was cultured under natural DIC isotopic composition (d13CDIC) and carbonate system conditions. The available DIC pool for diatoms grown in ASW was characterised by d13CDIC values (-44.2±0.9‰) significantly lower than the typical marine range. Through photosynthetic DIC uptake, microalgae d13C rapidly changed, reaching significantly low values (until -43.4‰). Moreover, the different DIC concentrations did not affect the diatom d13C, exhibiting the same trend in d13C values in the three ASW experiments. The experiments prove that phytoplankton isotopic composition quickly responds to changes in the 13C of the medium, making this approach a promising and low-impact tool for detecting CO2(g) submarine leakages from CO2(g) deposits.

Stable Carbon Isotopes of Phytoplankton as a Tool to Monitor Anthropogenic CO2 Submarine Leakages

Relitti F;Giani M;Cerino F;Del Negro P;De Vittor C
2020

Abstract

This study aims to validate the stable carbon isotopic composition (d13C) of phytoplankton as a tool for detecting submarine leakages of anthropogenic CO2(g), since it is characterised by d13C values significantly lower than the natural CO2 dissolved in oceans. Three culture experiments were carried out to investigate the changes in d13C of the diatom Thalassiosira rotula during growth in an artificially modified medium (ASW). Three dierent dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) concentrations were tested to verify if carbon availability affects phytoplankton d13C. Simultaneously, at each experiment, T. rotula was cultured under natural DIC isotopic composition (d13CDIC) and carbonate system conditions. The available DIC pool for diatoms grown in ASW was characterised by d13CDIC values (-44.2±0.9‰) significantly lower than the typical marine range. Through photosynthetic DIC uptake, microalgae d13C rapidly changed, reaching significantly low values (until -43.4‰). Moreover, the different DIC concentrations did not affect the diatom d13C, exhibiting the same trend in d13C values in the three ASW experiments. The experiments prove that phytoplankton isotopic composition quickly responds to changes in the 13C of the medium, making this approach a promising and low-impact tool for detecting CO2(g) submarine leakages from CO2(g) deposits.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/1599
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact