The absolute permeability of rock depends on several factors, including porosity, the geometry of the pore network (tortuosity), and the grain geometry, dimension and composition. The mineralogical composition plays an important role, mostly with respect to clay, which involves several compo- nents including illite, smectite, kaolinite and chlorite. The presence of quartz and feldspar increases permeability, while clay minerals and calcite tend to have the opposite effect. Essentially, perme- ability decreases with a smaller grain radius, increasing tortuosity of the pore space and decreasing porosity. As the specific surface area of the pores increases, permeability decreases. Here, we compare four expressions for permeability based on clay content, grain dimension, tortuosity and mineral composition. All the expressions somehow contain the Kozeny–Carman (KC) factor, which is obtained on physical grounds, and relies on fitting parameters related to the geometric characteristics of the rock and its composition. The Herron model is based on geo- chemical mineralogy composition. Despite the highly idealized parameters on which these models are based, the results support the predictive power of the Kozeny–Carman equation, provided that proper calibration is performed.

Effect of clay mineralogy on permeability

Gei D;
2019

Abstract

The absolute permeability of rock depends on several factors, including porosity, the geometry of the pore network (tortuosity), and the grain geometry, dimension and composition. The mineralogical composition plays an important role, mostly with respect to clay, which involves several compo- nents including illite, smectite, kaolinite and chlorite. The presence of quartz and feldspar increases permeability, while clay minerals and calcite tend to have the opposite effect. Essentially, perme- ability decreases with a smaller grain radius, increasing tortuosity of the pore space and decreasing porosity. As the specific surface area of the pores increases, permeability decreases. Here, we compare four expressions for permeability based on clay content, grain dimension, tortuosity and mineral composition. All the expressions somehow contain the Kozeny–Carman (KC) factor, which is obtained on physical grounds, and relies on fitting parameters related to the geometric characteristics of the rock and its composition. The Herron model is based on geo- chemical mineralogy composition. Despite the highly idealized parameters on which these models are based, the results support the predictive power of the Kozeny–Carman equation, provided that proper calibration is performed.
Permeability; Kozeny–Carman factor; clay con- tent
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/3017
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