We demonstrate that it is possible to retrieve geometric and kinematic informationabout the source of a destructive past earthquake by inverting its regional macroseismicintensity patterns. In fact, in the case study the inversion results agree with theseismological instrumental measurements of the 1930s and with neotectonic evidence.This leads to the hope that more knowledge about preinstrumental events can be obtained:a key toward improving the calculation of seismic hazard, mostly in the Old World.After validating our technique on the 1987 Whittier Narrows, California, earthquake[Pettenati and Sirovich, 2003;Gentile et al., 2004] we achieve the present results byinvestigating an earthquake that happened in 1936 in northeast Italy. The automaticinversions were performed by using a simplified formula for body waves that radiate froma linear source. The inversion shows two minima on the hypersurface of the minimumresiduals (calculated – observed intensity at all sites) in the multiparameter model space.These two minimum variance source models resemble the two auxiliary planes of thesame theoretical fault plane solution, similar to that given by the standard use of the firstPwave arrivals. The present result encourages us to treat more cases and to explore newinversion techniques for quantitatively treating the intensity patterns of earthquakesbecause, at least in some cases, they carry geometric and kinematic information about theirsource.

A new Automatic Source Inversion Technique of Intensity Patterns of Earthquakes; Validation on a Destructive Shock of 1936 in NE

PETTENATI F
2004

Abstract

We demonstrate that it is possible to retrieve geometric and kinematic informationabout the source of a destructive past earthquake by inverting its regional macroseismicintensity patterns. In fact, in the case study the inversion results agree with theseismological instrumental measurements of the 1930s and with neotectonic evidence.This leads to the hope that more knowledge about preinstrumental events can be obtained:a key toward improving the calculation of seismic hazard, mostly in the Old World.After validating our technique on the 1987 Whittier Narrows, California, earthquake[Pettenati and Sirovich, 2003;Gentile et al., 2004] we achieve the present results byinvestigating an earthquake that happened in 1936 in northeast Italy. The automaticinversions were performed by using a simplified formula for body waves that radiate froma linear source. The inversion shows two minima on the hypersurface of the minimumresiduals (calculated – observed intensity at all sites) in the multiparameter model space.These two minimum variance source models resemble the two auxiliary planes of thesame theoretical fault plane solution, similar to that given by the standard use of the firstPwave arrivals. The present result encourages us to treat more cases and to explore newinversion techniques for quantitatively treating the intensity patterns of earthquakesbecause, at least in some cases, they carry geometric and kinematic information about theirsource.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/4137
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