Multiproxy investigation of the last 2,000 years BP marine paleoenvironmental record along the western Spitsbergen margin
A reconstruction of the last 2,000 years BP of environmental and oceanographic changes on the western margin of Spitsbergen was performed using a multidisciplinary approach including the fossil assemblages of diatoms, planktic and benthic foraminifera and calcareous nannofossils and the use of geochemistry (X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction). We identified two warm periods (2,000–1,600 years BP and 1,300–700 years BP) that were associated with the Roman Warm Period and the Me...
Reconstruction of the Virtual Geomagnetic Pole (VGP) path at high latitude for the last 22 kyr: The role of radial field flux patches as VGP attractor
Reconstruction of geomagnetic field changes has a strong potential to complement geodynamo modeling and improve the understanding of Earth’s core dynamics. Recent works based on geomagnetic measure-ments pointed out that over the last two decades the position of the north magnetic pole has been largely determined by the influence of two competing flux lobes under Canada and Siberia. In order to understand if the waxing and waning of magnetic flux lobes have driven the path of geo-magnetic pal...
Mediterranean Mercury Assessment 2022: An Updated Budget, Health Consequences, and Research Perspectives
Mercury (Hg) and especially its methylated species (MeHg) are toxic chemicals that contaminate humans via the consumption of seafood. The most recent UNEP Global Mercury Assessment stressed that Mediterranean populations have higher Hg levels than people elsewhere in Europe. The present Critical Review updates current knowledge on the sources, biogeochemical cycling, and mass balance of Hg in the Mediterranean and identifies perspectives for future research especially in the context of global...
The present work deals with the application of biotechnology for the mobilization of metals from different solid wastes: end of life industrial catalysts, heavy metal contaminated marine sediments and fluorescent powders coming from a cathode ray tube glass recycling process. Performed experiments were aimed at assessing the performance of acidophilic chemoautotrophic Fe/S-oxidizing bacteria for such different solid matrices, also focusing on the effect of solid concentration and of different...
Sulphur-oxidising bacteria isolated from deep caves improve the removal of arsenic from contaminated harbour sediments
Acidophilic S-oxidising bacteria isolated from sulphur-rich deep caves (Frasassi, Italy), characterised by relatively low temperature, were tested for their ability to mobilise (semi-)metals from contaminated sediments. Sediment samples from two commercial Italian seaports were used to set up bioleaching experiments. The effect of different growth substrates was also investigated. Our experiments revealed that S-oxidising bacteria isolated from Frasassi caves have a high potential to remove A...
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Data di pubblicazione
- 2020 - 2023340
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- OGS National Institute of Oceanog...2
- Geological Society1
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- Adriatic Sea30
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