The alluvial plain behind the southern Venice Lagoon, in northern Italy, is characterised by the presence of a complex network of alluvial ridges formed by the aggradation of channel deposits and natural levees. They are the geomorphological products of the interaction between the Adige and Po during the late Holocene. New geomorphological and stratigraphic data provided a detailed reconstruction of the evolution of the Po-Adige alluvial plain and allowed for defining the relation with the migration of delta lobes in the southern Venice Lagoon and near the Adriatic coast. Three cross sections (total of 28 manual boreholes) were obtained using a hand auger through two alluvial ridges built by the Adige River: the first two on the Conselve ridge (in the locations of Conselve and Santa Margherita, respectively) and the third across the modern Adige alluvial ridge. Radiocarbon dating was carried out on 9 peat samples. These data, coupled with a DTM, allowed the identification of a confluence between the Adige and Po during the Bronze Age. They also enabled the identification of the timing of major Adige and Po avulsions and the correlation with the 5.0-1.5 ka cal. BP development of a delta-mouth sedimentary system recognised in the southern Venice Lagoon. The results show that major avulsive events in the upstream tracts of the Po and Adige Rivers forced the migration of delta lobes. The delta system in the southern Venice Lagoon was fed by the Saline-Cona Po branch from about 4-3 ka cal. BP. This implies that the Po delta extended as far as 30 km north of the present-day river position. In this time frame, the Adige did not directly reach the sea, as it was a tributary of the Po at Agna. The northernmost lobe of the Po delta was thus fed by the sedimentary input of both the Po and Adige. The subsequent deactivation of the Saline-Cona Po branch through avulsion just upstream of Rovigo, around 3 ka cal. BP, led to a southwards shift of the Po delta system. The Adige still flowed through the Conselve ridge and kept its mouth in the same area. From 3 ka cal. BP to Roman times, the river constructed its own delta in the southern Venice Lagoon, prograding on the previous northern Po delta lobe. The Adige avulsion at Bonavigo during the early Middle Ages led to the abandonment of the Montagnana-Este-Conselve course long the southern foot of the Euganean Hills. As a consequence, the delta in the southern Venice Lagoon was also definitely abandoned and the Adige River started to construct another delta in its present-day position, about 15 km further to the south.

The alluvial plain behind the southern Venice Lagoon, in northern Italy, is characterised by the presence of a complex network of alluvial ridges formed by the aggradation of channel deposits and natural levees. They are the geomorphological products of the interaction between the Adige and Po during the late Holocene. New geomorphological and stratigraphic data provided a detailed reconstruction of the evolution of the Po-Adige alluvial plain and allowed for defining the relation with the migration of delta lobes in the southern Venice Lagoon and near the Adriatic coast. Three cross sections (total of 28 manual boreholes) were obtained using a hand auger through two alluvial ridges built by the Adige River: the first two on the Conselve ridge (in the locations of Conselve and Santa Margherita, respectively) and the third across the modern Adige alluvial ridge. Radiocarbon dating was carried out on 9 peat samples. These data, coupled with a DTM, allowed the identification of a confluence between the Adige and Po during the Bronze Age. They also enabled the identification of the timing of major Adige and Po avulsions and the correlation with the 5.0-1.5 ka cal. BP development of a delta-mouth sedimentary system recognised in the southern Venice Lagoon. The results show that major avulsive events in the upstream tracts of the Po and Adige Rivers forced the migration of delta lobes. The delta system in the southern Venice Lagoon was fed by the Saline-Cona Po branch from about 4-3 ka cal. BP. This implies that the Po delta extended as far as 30 km north of the present-day river position. In this time frame, the Adige did not directly reach the sea, as it was a tributary of the Po at Agna. The northernmost lobe of the Po delta was thus fed by the sedimentary input of both the Po and Adige. The subsequent deactivation of the Saline-Cona Po branch through avulsion just upstream of Rovigo, around 3 ka cal. BP, led to a southwards shift of the Po delta system. The Adige still flowed through the Conselve ridge and kept its mouth in the same area. From 3 ka cal. BP to Roman times, the river constructed its own delta in the southern Venice Lagoon, prograding on the previous northern Po delta lobe. The Adige avulsion at Bonavigo during the early Middle Ages led to the abandonment of the Montagnana-Este-Conselve course long the southern foot of the Euganean Hills. As a consequence, the delta in the southern Venice Lagoon was also definitely abandoned and the Adige River started to construct another delta in its present-day position, about 15 km further to the south.

The interplay between adjacent Adige and Po alluvial systems and deltas in the late Holocene (Northern Italy)

Zecchin M
2012

Abstract

The alluvial plain behind the southern Venice Lagoon, in northern Italy, is characterised by the presence of a complex network of alluvial ridges formed by the aggradation of channel deposits and natural levees. They are the geomorphological products of the interaction between the Adige and Po during the late Holocene. New geomorphological and stratigraphic data provided a detailed reconstruction of the evolution of the Po-Adige alluvial plain and allowed for defining the relation with the migration of delta lobes in the southern Venice Lagoon and near the Adriatic coast. Three cross sections (total of 28 manual boreholes) were obtained using a hand auger through two alluvial ridges built by the Adige River: the first two on the Conselve ridge (in the locations of Conselve and Santa Margherita, respectively) and the third across the modern Adige alluvial ridge. Radiocarbon dating was carried out on 9 peat samples. These data, coupled with a DTM, allowed the identification of a confluence between the Adige and Po during the Bronze Age. They also enabled the identification of the timing of major Adige and Po avulsions and the correlation with the 5.0-1.5 ka cal. BP development of a delta-mouth sedimentary system recognised in the southern Venice Lagoon. The results show that major avulsive events in the upstream tracts of the Po and Adige Rivers forced the migration of delta lobes. The delta system in the southern Venice Lagoon was fed by the Saline-Cona Po branch from about 4-3 ka cal. BP. This implies that the Po delta extended as far as 30 km north of the present-day river position. In this time frame, the Adige did not directly reach the sea, as it was a tributary of the Po at Agna. The northernmost lobe of the Po delta was thus fed by the sedimentary input of both the Po and Adige. The subsequent deactivation of the Saline-Cona Po branch through avulsion just upstream of Rovigo, around 3 ka cal. BP, led to a southwards shift of the Po delta system. The Adige still flowed through the Conselve ridge and kept its mouth in the same area. From 3 ka cal. BP to Roman times, the river constructed its own delta in the southern Venice Lagoon, prograding on the previous northern Po delta lobe. The Adige avulsion at Bonavigo during the early Middle Ages led to the abandonment of the Montagnana-Este-Conselve course long the southern foot of the Euganean Hills. As a consequence, the delta in the southern Venice Lagoon was also definitely abandoned and the Adige River started to construct another delta in its present-day position, about 15 km further to the south.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/1088
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