The generation of microseismic events is often associated with induced fractures/faults during the extraction/injection of fluids. A full characterization of the spatiotemporal distribution of microseismic events provides constraints on fluid migration paths in the formations. We have developed a high-resolution source imaging method — a hybrid multiplicative time- reversal imaging (HyM-TRI) algorithm, for automatically tracking the spatiotemporal distribution of microseismic events. HyM-TRI back propagates the data traces from groups of receivers (in space and time) as receiver wavefields, multiplies receiver wavefields between all groups, and applies a causal integration over time to obtain a source evolution image. Using synthetic and field-data examples, we revealed the capability of the HyM-TRI technique to image the spatiotemporal se- quence of asynchronous microseismic events, which poses a challenge to standard TRI methods. Moreover, the HyM-TRI technique is robust enough to produce a high-resolution image of the source in the presence of noise. The aperture of the 2D receiver array (azimuth coverage in 3D) with respect to the mi- croseismic source area plays an important role on the horizontal and vertical resolution of the source image. The HyM-TRI re- sults of the field data with 3D azimuthal coverage further verify our argument by producing a superior resolution of the source than TRI.

Hybrid multiplicative time-reversal imaging reveals the evolution of microseismic events: Theory and field-data tests

Gei D;
2019

Abstract

The generation of microseismic events is often associated with induced fractures/faults during the extraction/injection of fluids. A full characterization of the spatiotemporal distribution of microseismic events provides constraints on fluid migration paths in the formations. We have developed a high-resolution source imaging method — a hybrid multiplicative time- reversal imaging (HyM-TRI) algorithm, for automatically tracking the spatiotemporal distribution of microseismic events. HyM-TRI back propagates the data traces from groups of receivers (in space and time) as receiver wavefields, multiplies receiver wavefields between all groups, and applies a causal integration over time to obtain a source evolution image. Using synthetic and field-data examples, we revealed the capability of the HyM-TRI technique to image the spatiotemporal se- quence of asynchronous microseismic events, which poses a challenge to standard TRI methods. Moreover, the HyM-TRI technique is robust enough to produce a high-resolution image of the source in the presence of noise. The aperture of the 2D receiver array (azimuth coverage in 3D) with respect to the mi- croseismic source area plays an important role on the horizontal and vertical resolution of the source image. The HyM-TRI re- sults of the field data with 3D azimuthal coverage further verify our argument by producing a superior resolution of the source than TRI.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/1401
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