The productivity of a magnitude m event can be characterized in term of triggered events of magnitude above m - Delta: it is the number of direct 'descendants'. nu(Delta) and the number of all 'descendants' V-Delta. There is evidence in favour of the discrete exponential distribution for both nu(Delta) and V-Delta with a dominant initial magnitude m (the case of aftershock cluster). We consider the general Epidemic Type Aftershock Sequence model adapted to any distribution of nu(Delta). Our first result shows that models with branching aftershock structure do not allow for the coincidence of distribution types of nu(Delta) and V-Delta (say, the discrete exponential, as in the scientific literature). The second problem is related to the tail behaviour of the V-Delta distribution. We show the fundamental difference in tail behaviour of the V-Delta-distributions for general-type clusters and clusters with a dominant initial magnitude: the tail is heavy in the former case and light in the latter. The real data demonstrate the possibilities of this kind. This result provides theoretical and practical constraints for distributional analysis of V-Delta.

Productivity within the epidemic-type seismicity model

A Peresan
2022

Abstract

The productivity of a magnitude m event can be characterized in term of triggered events of magnitude above m - Delta: it is the number of direct 'descendants'. nu(Delta) and the number of all 'descendants' V-Delta. There is evidence in favour of the discrete exponential distribution for both nu(Delta) and V-Delta with a dominant initial magnitude m (the case of aftershock cluster). We consider the general Epidemic Type Aftershock Sequence model adapted to any distribution of nu(Delta). Our first result shows that models with branching aftershock structure do not allow for the coincidence of distribution types of nu(Delta) and V-Delta (say, the discrete exponential, as in the scientific literature). The second problem is related to the tail behaviour of the V-Delta distribution. We show the fundamental difference in tail behaviour of the V-Delta-distributions for general-type clusters and clusters with a dominant initial magnitude: the tail is heavy in the former case and light in the latter. The real data demonstrate the possibilities of this kind. This result provides theoretical and practical constraints for distributional analysis of V-Delta.
Probability distributions
Earthquake interaction
Statistical seismology
Forecasting and prediction
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/14462
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