Lessons learnt from the destructive earthquakes occurred during the new millennium provide new opportunities to take action, revise, and improve the procedure for seismic hazard assessment (SHA). A single hazard map cannot meet the requirements from different end-users; the mapping of the expected earthquake ground motion that accounts for events’ recurrence may be suitable for insurances. When dealing with cultural heritage and critical structures (e.g., nuclear power plants), where it is necessary to consider extremely long time intervals, the standard hazard estimates are by far unsuitable, due to their basic heuristic limitations. While time-dependent SHA may be suitable to increase earthquake preparedness, by planning adequate mitigation actions, for critical structures (i.e., those for which the consequences of failure are intolerable) the maximum possible seismic input is relevant. Therefore the need for an appropriate estimate of the seismic hazard, aimed not only at the seismic classification of the national territory, but also at the capability of properly accounting for the local ampli␣cations of ground shaking, as well as for the fault properties, is a pressing concern for seismic engineers. A viable alternative to traditional SHA is represented by the use of the scenario earthquakes, characterized at least in terms of magnitude, distance, and faulting style, and by the treatment of complex source processes. The relevance of the realistic modeling, which permits the generalization of empirical observations by means of physically sound theoretical considerations, is evident, as it allows the optimization of the structural design with respect to the site of interest. The time information associated with the scenarios of ground motion, given by the intermediate-term middle-range earthquake predictions, can be useful to public authorities in assigning priorities for timely mitigation actions. Therefore, the approach we have developed naturally supplies realistic time series of ground motion useful to preserve urban settings, historical monuments, and relevant man-made structures.

Seismic Hazard Scenarios as Preventive Tools for a Disaster Resilient Society

PERESAN, ANTONELLA;
2012

Abstract

Lessons learnt from the destructive earthquakes occurred during the new millennium provide new opportunities to take action, revise, and improve the procedure for seismic hazard assessment (SHA). A single hazard map cannot meet the requirements from different end-users; the mapping of the expected earthquake ground motion that accounts for events’ recurrence may be suitable for insurances. When dealing with cultural heritage and critical structures (e.g., nuclear power plants), where it is necessary to consider extremely long time intervals, the standard hazard estimates are by far unsuitable, due to their basic heuristic limitations. While time-dependent SHA may be suitable to increase earthquake preparedness, by planning adequate mitigation actions, for critical structures (i.e., those for which the consequences of failure are intolerable) the maximum possible seismic input is relevant. Therefore the need for an appropriate estimate of the seismic hazard, aimed not only at the seismic classification of the national territory, but also at the capability of properly accounting for the local ampli␣cations of ground shaking, as well as for the fault properties, is a pressing concern for seismic engineers. A viable alternative to traditional SHA is represented by the use of the scenario earthquakes, characterized at least in terms of magnitude, distance, and faulting style, and by the treatment of complex source processes. The relevance of the realistic modeling, which permits the generalization of empirical observations by means of physically sound theoretical considerations, is evident, as it allows the optimization of the structural design with respect to the site of interest. The time information associated with the scenarios of ground motion, given by the intermediate-term middle-range earthquake predictions, can be useful to public authorities in assigning priorities for timely mitigation actions. Therefore, the approach we have developed naturally supplies realistic time series of ground motion useful to preserve urban settings, historical monuments, and relevant man-made structures.
Seismic hazard; Scenario earthquake; Earthquake prediction; Numerical simulation; Earthquake ground motion; Site effects; Seismic microzonation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/1455
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