Copepod communities were studied along an east-west transect in the oligotrophic Southern Adriatic Sea. This dynamic region is under the influence of various physical forces, including winter vertical convection, lateral exchanges between coastal and open sea waters, and ingression of water masses of different properties all of which occurred during the investigation periods. Depth-stratified samples were taken with a Nansen net (250 mu m mesh size) in pre- and post-winter conditions in 2015/2016. In December, the coastal copepod community was limited over the western flank, while epipelagic waters of the open and eastern waters were characterized by high diversity, low abundances in the central area, and subsurface/upper mesopelagic copepod species. In April, higher abundances were recorded over the entire vertical profile with the surface coastal copepod community present through the entire transect. Higher abundances in the central area during the post-winter period are probably a consequence of late-winter/early spring blooms near the center of the Southern Adriatic. Mesopelagic fauna of both months was characterized by high abundances ofHaloptilus longicornis, characteristic species of the eastern Mediterranean, whose larger presence was favored by the cyclonic phase of the North Ionian Gyre and a consequent strong Levantine Intermediate Water ingression.

Copepod community structure in pre-and post-winter conditions in the southern adriatic sea (NE Mediterranean)

Kovacevic V.;Bensi M.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Copepod communities were studied along an east-west transect in the oligotrophic Southern Adriatic Sea. This dynamic region is under the influence of various physical forces, including winter vertical convection, lateral exchanges between coastal and open sea waters, and ingression of water masses of different properties all of which occurred during the investigation periods. Depth-stratified samples were taken with a Nansen net (250 mu m mesh size) in pre- and post-winter conditions in 2015/2016. In December, the coastal copepod community was limited over the western flank, while epipelagic waters of the open and eastern waters were characterized by high diversity, low abundances in the central area, and subsurface/upper mesopelagic copepod species. In April, higher abundances were recorded over the entire vertical profile with the surface coastal copepod community present through the entire transect. Higher abundances in the central area during the post-winter period are probably a consequence of late-winter/early spring blooms near the center of the Southern Adriatic. Mesopelagic fauna of both months was characterized by high abundances ofHaloptilus longicornis, characteristic species of the eastern Mediterranean, whose larger presence was favored by the cyclonic phase of the North Ionian Gyre and a consequent strong Levantine Intermediate Water ingression.
2020
mesozooplankton
spatial distribution
copepods
community composition
water masses distribution
Adriatic Sea
Eastern Mediterranean
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/1706
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