S-wave high-resolution reflection seismic datawas processed using Wave Equation Datuming technique in order to improve signal/noise ratio, attenuating coherent noise, and seismic resolution and to solve static corrections problems. The application of this algorithm allowed obtaining a good image of the shallow subsurface geological features. Wave Equation Datuming moves shots and receivers from a surface to another datum (the datum plane), removing time shifts originated by elevation variation and/or velocity changes in the shallow subsoil. This algorithm has been developed and currently applied to P wave, but it reveals the capacity to highlight Swaves images when used to resolve thin layers in high-resolution prospecting. A good S-wave image facilitates correlation with well stratigraphies, optimizing cost/benefit ratio of any drilling. The application of Wave Equation Datuming requires a reliable velocity field, so refraction tomography was adopted. The new seismic image highlights the details of the subsoil reflectors and allows an easier integration with borehole information and geological surveys than the seismic section obtained by conventional CMP reflection processing. In conclusion, the analysis of S-wave let to characterize the shallow subsurface recognizing levels with limited thickness once we have clearly attenuated ground roll, wind and environmental noise.

Wave equation datuming applied to S-wave reflection seismic data

Tinivella U.;Giustiniani M;
2018

Abstract

S-wave high-resolution reflection seismic datawas processed using Wave Equation Datuming technique in order to improve signal/noise ratio, attenuating coherent noise, and seismic resolution and to solve static corrections problems. The application of this algorithm allowed obtaining a good image of the shallow subsurface geological features. Wave Equation Datuming moves shots and receivers from a surface to another datum (the datum plane), removing time shifts originated by elevation variation and/or velocity changes in the shallow subsoil. This algorithm has been developed and currently applied to P wave, but it reveals the capacity to highlight Swaves images when used to resolve thin layers in high-resolution prospecting. A good S-wave image facilitates correlation with well stratigraphies, optimizing cost/benefit ratio of any drilling. The application of Wave Equation Datuming requires a reliable velocity field, so refraction tomography was adopted. The new seismic image highlights the details of the subsoil reflectors and allows an easier integration with borehole information and geological surveys than the seismic section obtained by conventional CMP reflection processing. In conclusion, the analysis of S-wave let to characterize the shallow subsurface recognizing levels with limited thickness once we have clearly attenuated ground roll, wind and environmental noise.
Wave equation datuming; S-wave prospecting; Noise attenuation; Resolution
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/243
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact