One key step in seismic data processing flows is the computation of static corrections, which relocate shots and receivers at the same datum plane and remove near surface weathering effects. We applied a standard static correction and a wave equation datuming and compared the obtained results in two case studies: 1) a sparse ocean bottom seismometers dataset for deep crustal prospecting; 2) a high resolution land reflection dataset for hydrogeological investigation. In both cases, a detailed velocity field, obtained by tomographic inversion of the first breaks, was adopted to relocate shots and receivers to the datum plane. The results emphasize the importance of wave equation datuming to properly handle complex near surface conditions. In the first dataset, the deployed ocean bottom seismometers were relocated to the sea level (shot positions) and a standard processing sequence was subsequently applied to the output. In the second dataset, the application of wave equation datuming allowed us to remove the coherent noise, such as ground roll, and to improve the image quality with respect to the application of static correction. The comparison of the two approaches evidences that the main reflecting markers are better resolved when the wave equation datuming procedure is adopted.

Wave equation datuming applied to marine OBS data and to land high resolution seismic profiling

BARISON, ERIKA;BRANCATELLI, GIUSEPPE;ACCAINO, FLAVIO;GIUSTINIANI, MICHELA;TINIVELLA, UMBERTA
2011

Abstract

One key step in seismic data processing flows is the computation of static corrections, which relocate shots and receivers at the same datum plane and remove near surface weathering effects. We applied a standard static correction and a wave equation datuming and compared the obtained results in two case studies: 1) a sparse ocean bottom seismometers dataset for deep crustal prospecting; 2) a high resolution land reflection dataset for hydrogeological investigation. In both cases, a detailed velocity field, obtained by tomographic inversion of the first breaks, was adopted to relocate shots and receivers to the datum plane. The results emphasize the importance of wave equation datuming to properly handle complex near surface conditions. In the first dataset, the deployed ocean bottom seismometers were relocated to the sea level (shot positions) and a standard processing sequence was subsequently applied to the output. In the second dataset, the application of wave equation datuming allowed us to remove the coherent noise, such as ground roll, and to improve the image quality with respect to the application of static correction. The comparison of the two approaches evidences that the main reflecting markers are better resolved when the wave equation datuming procedure is adopted.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/2715
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