The 14 April 1895 (Mw 6.1, in the area of Ljubljana, Slovenia) earthquake is still not fully understood. The aim of this work is to derive information about its source from the inversion of an updated dataset of intensities (evaluated with EMS-98). This was done via automatic non-linear geophysical inversion KF-NGA, which was performed using a Niching Genetic Algorithm and has been presented in other articles. The distribution of damage caused by this earthquake is not homogeneous and often shows significant intensity differences between neighbouring sites. Statistical analysis of the intensities, epicentral distances, and geologic nature of the sites suggests some site effects. Nevertheless, the resulting solution is consistent with regional seismotectonics, i.e., an almost pure dip-slip mechanism: strike 282°5°, dip 38°±7°, rake 86°±9° (±180° because of the intrinsic ambiguity of the KF-NGA-inversion). Since the rake angle is close to 90°, there is an almost perfect ambiguity between the two planes of the focal mechanism. Therefore, our solution has a Dinaric direction and could be associated either with a fault plane that dips NE or with one that dips SW.

The 1895 Ljubljana earthquake: source parameters from inversion of macroseismic data

Franco Pettenati
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2024-01-01

Abstract

The 14 April 1895 (Mw 6.1, in the area of Ljubljana, Slovenia) earthquake is still not fully understood. The aim of this work is to derive information about its source from the inversion of an updated dataset of intensities (evaluated with EMS-98). This was done via automatic non-linear geophysical inversion KF-NGA, which was performed using a Niching Genetic Algorithm and has been presented in other articles. The distribution of damage caused by this earthquake is not homogeneous and often shows significant intensity differences between neighbouring sites. Statistical analysis of the intensities, epicentral distances, and geologic nature of the sites suggests some site effects. Nevertheless, the resulting solution is consistent with regional seismotectonics, i.e., an almost pure dip-slip mechanism: strike 282°5°, dip 38°±7°, rake 86°±9° (±180° because of the intrinsic ambiguity of the KF-NGA-inversion). Since the rake angle is close to 90°, there is an almost perfect ambiguity between the two planes of the focal mechanism. Therefore, our solution has a Dinaric direction and could be associated either with a fault plane that dips NE or with one that dips SW.
2024
Ljubljana earthquake of 1895, kinematic function, source inversion, macroseismic intensity, site effects
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/27683
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