An earthquake early warning (EEW) system is a real-time seismic monitoring infrastructure thathas the capability to provide warnings to target cities before the arrival of the strongest shaking waves. In order to provide a rapid alert when targets are very close to the epicenter of the events, we developedan on-site EEW approach and evaluated its performance at the Italian national scale. The system is aP wave-based method that measures in real time two parameters: the initial peak displacement (Pd) and the average period (τc). As output, the system provides the predicted ground-shaking intensity at the monitored site, the alert level, and a qualitative classification of both earthquake magnitude and source-to-receiver distance. We applied the on-site EEW methodology to a data set of Italian earthquakes, with magnitude ranging from 3.8 to 6, and evaluated the performance of the system in terms of correct warning and lead times (i.e., time available for security actions at the target). The results of this retrospective analysis show that for the large majority of the analyzed cases, the method is able to deliver a correct warning shortly after the P wave detection, with more than 80% of successful intensity predictions at the target site. The lead times increase with distance, with a value of 8–10 s at 50 km and 15–18 s at 100 km.

An on-site alert level early warning system for Italy

Picozzi M.;
2017-01-01

Abstract

An earthquake early warning (EEW) system is a real-time seismic monitoring infrastructure thathas the capability to provide warnings to target cities before the arrival of the strongest shaking waves. In order to provide a rapid alert when targets are very close to the epicenter of the events, we developedan on-site EEW approach and evaluated its performance at the Italian national scale. The system is aP wave-based method that measures in real time two parameters: the initial peak displacement (Pd) and the average period (τc). As output, the system provides the predicted ground-shaking intensity at the monitored site, the alert level, and a qualitative classification of both earthquake magnitude and source-to-receiver distance. We applied the on-site EEW methodology to a data set of Italian earthquakes, with magnitude ranging from 3.8 to 6, and evaluated the performance of the system in terms of correct warning and lead times (i.e., time available for security actions at the target). The results of this retrospective analysis show that for the large majority of the analyzed cases, the method is able to deliver a correct warning shortly after the P wave detection, with more than 80% of successful intensity predictions at the target site. The lead times increase with distance, with a value of 8–10 s at 50 km and 15–18 s at 100 km.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/27952
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