Non‐double‐couple mechanisms in volcanic environments are indicators of local modifications of the stress field induced by dyke injection, high fluid pressure or by thermal cooling. However, the possible biasing effects of wave propagation in structurally complicated regions, the presence of noise, or inappropriate station coverage can make the identification of non‐double‐couples as true source phenomena uncertain. In this paper we review possible sources of false non‐double‐couples, and we estimate the reliability of the non‐double‐couple solutions on the basis of an error analysis that includes the variance of the modelling and of the noise in the data. Our analysis of synthetic and real data shows that we can identify, within confidence levels of 99 and 95 per cent, respectively, spurious non‐double‐couples due to inadequate station coverage, to noise in the data and to inadequacies of the structural model. Real data analyses must be preceded by synthetic tests in order to define the lower limits from which the non‐double‐couple components can be considered statistically significant at a given confidence level.

Monitoring volcanic and geothermal areas by full seismic moment tensor inversion: are non-double couple components always artefacts of modeling

Saraò A
2000

Abstract

Non‐double‐couple mechanisms in volcanic environments are indicators of local modifications of the stress field induced by dyke injection, high fluid pressure or by thermal cooling. However, the possible biasing effects of wave propagation in structurally complicated regions, the presence of noise, or inappropriate station coverage can make the identification of non‐double‐couples as true source phenomena uncertain. In this paper we review possible sources of false non‐double‐couples, and we estimate the reliability of the non‐double‐couple solutions on the basis of an error analysis that includes the variance of the modelling and of the noise in the data. Our analysis of synthetic and real data shows that we can identify, within confidence levels of 99 and 95 per cent, respectively, spurious non‐double‐couples due to inadequate station coverage, to noise in the data and to inadequacies of the structural model. Real data analyses must be preceded by synthetic tests in order to define the lower limits from which the non‐double‐couple components can be considered statistically significant at a given confidence level.
earthquake‐source mechanism, fault‐plane solutions, inverse problem, source time functions, volcanic activity, waveform analysis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/2990
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