Salt contamination in the coastlands surrounding Venice Lagoon (Italy) and Laizhou Bay (Shandong Province, China) is generally the result of the complex relationship between fresh, continental groundwaters, paleo-saltwaters in deep aquifers, marine waters, and the seawater encroachment upstream from the river mouths. Saltwater intrusion is also enhanced by the presence of ancient, sandy, buried paleo-channels that act as preferential pathways for groundwater flow and solute transport. The characterization of these hydro-geo-morphological features, considering both the architecture and the pore water quality, is an issue of paramount importance. In this work, after a short overview of the saltwater contamination occurrence that affects the coastlands of Venice Lagoon and Laizhou Bay, we report on the preliminary results of a Very High Resolution Seismic and Continuous Electrical Tomography test carried out in very shallow water (about 1 m) in the Venice Lagoon to test a technique suitable for the better understanding of the surficial-groundwater mixing process. The combined analysis of the two data sets highlights a correlation between lithostratigraphic discontinuities and heterogeneity in the fluid filling the subsurface. The promising results obtained in the Italian site support a prompt use of this integrated methodology on the Chinese study area too.

Combined continuous electrical tomography and very high resolution seismic surveys to assess continental and marine groundwater mixing

Baradello L;Zecchin M;
2011

Abstract

Salt contamination in the coastlands surrounding Venice Lagoon (Italy) and Laizhou Bay (Shandong Province, China) is generally the result of the complex relationship between fresh, continental groundwaters, paleo-saltwaters in deep aquifers, marine waters, and the seawater encroachment upstream from the river mouths. Saltwater intrusion is also enhanced by the presence of ancient, sandy, buried paleo-channels that act as preferential pathways for groundwater flow and solute transport. The characterization of these hydro-geo-morphological features, considering both the architecture and the pore water quality, is an issue of paramount importance. In this work, after a short overview of the saltwater contamination occurrence that affects the coastlands of Venice Lagoon and Laizhou Bay, we report on the preliminary results of a Very High Resolution Seismic and Continuous Electrical Tomography test carried out in very shallow water (about 1 m) in the Venice Lagoon to test a technique suitable for the better understanding of the surficial-groundwater mixing process. The combined analysis of the two data sets highlights a correlation between lithostratigraphic discontinuities and heterogeneity in the fluid filling the subsurface. The promising results obtained in the Italian site support a prompt use of this integrated methodology on the Chinese study area too.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/3244
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