Earthquake clustering is a significant feature of seismic catalogs, both in time and space. Several methodologies for earthquake cluster identification have been proposed in the literature in order to characterize clustering properties and to analyze background seismicity. We consider two recent data-driven declustering techniques, one based on nearest-neighbor distance and the other on a stochastic point process. These two methods use different underlying assumptions and lead to different classifications of earthquakes into background events and clustered events. We investigated the classification similarities by exploiting graph representations of earthquake clusters and tools from network analysis. We found that the two declustering algorithms produce similar partitions of the earthquake catalog into background events and earthquake clusters, but they may differ in the identified topological structure of the clusters. Especially the clusters obtained from the stochastic method have a deeper complexity than the clusters from the nearest-neighbor method. All of these similarities and differences can be robustly recognized and quantified by the outdegree centrality and closeness centrality measures from network analysis.

Topological Comparison Between the Stochastic and the Nearest-Neighbor Earthquake Declustering Methods Through Network Analysis

Peresan A;
2020

Abstract

Earthquake clustering is a significant feature of seismic catalogs, both in time and space. Several methodologies for earthquake cluster identification have been proposed in the literature in order to characterize clustering properties and to analyze background seismicity. We consider two recent data-driven declustering techniques, one based on nearest-neighbor distance and the other on a stochastic point process. These two methods use different underlying assumptions and lead to different classifications of earthquakes into background events and clustered events. We investigated the classification similarities by exploiting graph representations of earthquake clusters and tools from network analysis. We found that the two declustering algorithms produce similar partitions of the earthquake catalog into background events and earthquake clusters, but they may differ in the identified topological structure of the clusters. Especially the clusters obtained from the stochastic method have a deeper complexity than the clusters from the nearest-neighbor method. All of these similarities and differences can be robustly recognized and quantified by the outdegree centrality and closeness centrality measures from network analysis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/412
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