An 11-parameter, kinematic-function (KF) model was used to retrieve the approximate geometrical and kinematic characteristics of the fault source of the 1570 Mw 5.8 Ferrara earthquake in the Po Plain, including the double-couple orientation (strike angle 12716°, dip 28±7°, and rake 7716°). These results are compatible with either the outermost thrust fronts of the northern Apennines, which are buried beneath the Po Plain‘s alluvial deposits, or the blind crustal-scale thrust. The 1570 event developed to the ENE of the two main shocks on May 20, 2012 (M 6.1) and May 29, 2012 (M 5.9). The three earthquakes had similar kinematics and are found 20-30 km from each other en echelon in the buried chain. Geomorphological and historical evidence exist that suggest the following: i) the long-lasting uplift of the buried Apenninic front shifted the central part of the course of the Po River approximately 20 km northward in historical times, and ii) the 1570 earthquake marked the definitive diversion of the final part of the Po River away from Ferrara and the closure of the Po delta 40 km south of its present position.

Source inversion of the 1570 Ferrara earthquake and definitive diversion of the Po River (Italy)

Pettenati F
2015

Abstract

An 11-parameter, kinematic-function (KF) model was used to retrieve the approximate geometrical and kinematic characteristics of the fault source of the 1570 Mw 5.8 Ferrara earthquake in the Po Plain, including the double-couple orientation (strike angle 12716°, dip 28±7°, and rake 7716°). These results are compatible with either the outermost thrust fronts of the northern Apennines, which are buried beneath the Po Plain‘s alluvial deposits, or the blind crustal-scale thrust. The 1570 event developed to the ENE of the two main shocks on May 20, 2012 (M 6.1) and May 29, 2012 (M 5.9). The three earthquakes had similar kinematics and are found 20-30 km from each other en echelon in the buried chain. Geomorphological and historical evidence exist that suggest the following: i) the long-lasting uplift of the buried Apenninic front shifted the central part of the course of the Po River approximately 20 km northward in historical times, and ii) the 1570 earthquake marked the definitive diversion of the final part of the Po River away from Ferrara and the closure of the Po delta 40 km south of its present position.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/424
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