We present seismic evidence of the presence of gas hydrates and free gas in VictoriaLand Basin (western Ross Sea, Antarctica). The occurrence of gas hydrates is inferredfrom a bottom simulating reflector (BSR), the first identified in the Ross Sea area.The gas presence was analyzed through targeted reprocessing of the multichannelseismic reflection data (3000 m streamer, 120 channels, 60‐fold) acquired in 1990 by theItalian R/V OGS‐Explora. The seismic data were reprocessed in order to increase thesignal‐to‐noise ratio by adopting a true‐amplitude approach, allowing a subsequentamplitude variations with offset (AVO) analysis to extract information on both P andS wave reflectivity. Along a profile from the deeper basin to an intrabasin structural high,the BSR evolves into crosscutting reflectors (CCRs) and enhanced amplitude reflectors(EARs). Locally, another seismic event is interpreted to be a second BSR (BSR0),identified about 150 m below the first BSR and is possibly related to the presence ofa mixture of gases comprising methane and hydrocarbons with heavier molecularweight and therefore associated with a deeper hydrate stability zone. The presence of faultscontrols the upward gas migration, connecting the free gas zone below the BSR andthe mud volcanoes and pockmarks on the seafloor. The modeling of the hydrateequilibrium zone shows that the observed BSR/BSR0 could be stable at the presentpressure‐temperature conditions.

A double bottom simulating reflector in the western Ross Sea, Antarctica

Geletti R
;
Busetti M
2011

Abstract

We present seismic evidence of the presence of gas hydrates and free gas in VictoriaLand Basin (western Ross Sea, Antarctica). The occurrence of gas hydrates is inferredfrom a bottom simulating reflector (BSR), the first identified in the Ross Sea area.The gas presence was analyzed through targeted reprocessing of the multichannelseismic reflection data (3000 m streamer, 120 channels, 60‐fold) acquired in 1990 by theItalian R/V OGS‐Explora. The seismic data were reprocessed in order to increase thesignal‐to‐noise ratio by adopting a true‐amplitude approach, allowing a subsequentamplitude variations with offset (AVO) analysis to extract information on both P andS wave reflectivity. Along a profile from the deeper basin to an intrabasin structural high,the BSR evolves into crosscutting reflectors (CCRs) and enhanced amplitude reflectors(EARs). Locally, another seismic event is interpreted to be a second BSR (BSR0),identified about 150 m below the first BSR and is possibly related to the presence ofa mixture of gases comprising methane and hydrocarbons with heavier molecularweight and therefore associated with a deeper hydrate stability zone. The presence of faultscontrols the upward gas migration, connecting the free gas zone below the BSR andthe mud volcanoes and pockmarks on the seafloor. The modeling of the hydrateequilibrium zone shows that the observed BSR/BSR0 could be stable at the presentpressure‐temperature conditions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/4451
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