The erosion process at a bridge abutment may be affected by the flow constriction when the abutment occupies a significant part of the flume width. We devised a specific experimental campaign to investigate the effect of the obstruction ratio (i.e., the ratio between the abutment length and the channel width) on the erosion depth: we performed homogeneous series of clear-water scour experiments in each of which the obstruction ratio was the only parameter that varied. The experimental results are presented in light of a dimensionless framework. It was found that the effect of the obstruction ratio on the time development of local scour depth may not be large; nevertheless, significant effect can be observed, even for relatively small values of the parameter during the earliest phases. The latter are important, for example, for the step-by-step modeling of the erosion development under unsteady flow conditions. We propose a simple equation to quantify the scour enhancement due to the flow constriction in clear-water abutment scour.

Constriction Effects in Clear-Water Scour at Abutments

Teruzzi A;
2009

Abstract

The erosion process at a bridge abutment may be affected by the flow constriction when the abutment occupies a significant part of the flume width. We devised a specific experimental campaign to investigate the effect of the obstruction ratio (i.e., the ratio between the abutment length and the channel width) on the erosion depth: we performed homogeneous series of clear-water scour experiments in each of which the obstruction ratio was the only parameter that varied. The experimental results are presented in light of a dimensionless framework. It was found that the effect of the obstruction ratio on the time development of local scour depth may not be large; nevertheless, significant effect can be observed, even for relatively small values of the parameter during the earliest phases. The latter are important, for example, for the step-by-step modeling of the erosion development under unsteady flow conditions. We propose a simple equation to quantify the scour enhancement due to the flow constriction in clear-water abutment scour.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/451
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact