Local site evaluation is an essential step in understanding the amplification of seismic motion induced by the complex geological structure and their estimation for future strong earthquakes in urban regions. One of the critical parameters on evaluating amplification effects is the depth of the geophysical bedrock, whose interface to soft sediments is responsible for the development of destructive resonance phenomena. The present study is focused on the estimation of the geophysical bedrock depth along the extra-Carpathian area of Romania (Moesian Platform and surroundings) by correlating and interpolating the results obtained from single station measurements with the available geological/geophysical data. Each site was investigated through the computation of horizontal-to-vertical (H/V) spectral ratios from three-component single station measurements of ambient vibrations. The geophysical bedrock depth was computed using a two-step inversion scheme, based on the retrieval of the Rayleigh-wave ellipticity peak at each seismic station using a regional generic velocity profile. The fundamental frequency of resonance reaches the lowest value in the deepest side (0.07 Hz) and is rising to 13 Hz in the South of the Moesian Platform, where a shallow bedrock is present. The computed bedrock depths (from 30 to similar to 3100 m) show a dipping tendency towards the Southern Carpathians and complex features such as local outcrops and lateral depth variations superpose this gradually dipping trend. In the Carpathian foreland, the bedrock is interpreted as the transition between different sediment layers of Neogene, while outside this area as the Neogene-Cretaceous transition.

Estimating Geophysical Bedrock Depth Using Single Station Analysis and Geophysical Data in the Extra-Carpathian Area of Romania

Poggi V;
2020

Abstract

Local site evaluation is an essential step in understanding the amplification of seismic motion induced by the complex geological structure and their estimation for future strong earthquakes in urban regions. One of the critical parameters on evaluating amplification effects is the depth of the geophysical bedrock, whose interface to soft sediments is responsible for the development of destructive resonance phenomena. The present study is focused on the estimation of the geophysical bedrock depth along the extra-Carpathian area of Romania (Moesian Platform and surroundings) by correlating and interpolating the results obtained from single station measurements with the available geological/geophysical data. Each site was investigated through the computation of horizontal-to-vertical (H/V) spectral ratios from three-component single station measurements of ambient vibrations. The geophysical bedrock depth was computed using a two-step inversion scheme, based on the retrieval of the Rayleigh-wave ellipticity peak at each seismic station using a regional generic velocity profile. The fundamental frequency of resonance reaches the lowest value in the deepest side (0.07 Hz) and is rising to 13 Hz in the South of the Moesian Platform, where a shallow bedrock is present. The computed bedrock depths (from 30 to similar to 3100 m) show a dipping tendency towards the Southern Carpathians and complex features such as local outcrops and lateral depth variations superpose this gradually dipping trend. In the Carpathian foreland, the bedrock is interpreted as the transition between different sediment layers of Neogene, while outside this area as the Neogene-Cretaceous transition.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/512
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