Southern Tuscany is characterized by an extensional tectonic regime, crustal thinning, magmatic intrusions, testifying thepresence of fluids at elevated temperature and important geothermal fields. The area was investigated by applying integratedmethodologies to deep crustal reflection seismic data: tomographic velocity analysis, amplitude versus offset inversion andtheoretical approaches to model overpressure conditions. The seismic transect CROP 18, split in two lines (18-A and 18-B) witha total length of 123 km, has imaged the exceptionally high reflectivity of some markers of the metamorphic-crystallinebasement units and of the medium-lower crust. The geometry of the main geological structures was reconstructed performing apre-stack depth migration. The joint analysis of the available data enabled us to distinguish between the lithologic reflectors andthe reflections caused by a predominant fluid effect, such as overpressure conditions. We detected the presence of verticalconduits, responsible for magmatic intrusions rising from the base of the crust, as well as of overpressured reservoirs.Theoretical models are used to quantify the effect of overpressure in terms of porosity increase, and the consequent densitydecrease in two areas where the main marker characterizing the geothermal fields, called the K horizon, is relatively shallow.

Geofluid evidences from analysis of seismic data from southern tuscany (Italy)

Accaino F;Tinivella U;Rossi G;
2005

Abstract

Southern Tuscany is characterized by an extensional tectonic regime, crustal thinning, magmatic intrusions, testifying thepresence of fluids at elevated temperature and important geothermal fields. The area was investigated by applying integratedmethodologies to deep crustal reflection seismic data: tomographic velocity analysis, amplitude versus offset inversion andtheoretical approaches to model overpressure conditions. The seismic transect CROP 18, split in two lines (18-A and 18-B) witha total length of 123 km, has imaged the exceptionally high reflectivity of some markers of the metamorphic-crystallinebasement units and of the medium-lower crust. The geometry of the main geological structures was reconstructed performing apre-stack depth migration. The joint analysis of the available data enabled us to distinguish between the lithologic reflectors andthe reflections caused by a predominant fluid effect, such as overpressure conditions. We detected the presence of verticalconduits, responsible for magmatic intrusions rising from the base of the crust, as well as of overpressured reservoirs.Theoretical models are used to quantify the effect of overpressure in terms of porosity increase, and the consequent densitydecrease in two areas where the main marker characterizing the geothermal fields, called the K horizon, is relatively shallow.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/707
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