Abstract: During the last century, human activities have exerted an increasing pressure on coastal ecosystems, primarily inducing their eutrophication, with a more recent partial mitigation of this phenomenon where improvements of environmental management practices were adopted. However, a reanalysis of the pressures on coastal zones and surrounding drainage basins is needed, because of the alterations induced nowadays by the climate changes. A comparative analysis of long-term oceanographic and environmental data series (1986 - 2018) was performed, in order to highlight the effects of anthropogenic and climatic disturbances on phytoplankton community in the Gulf of Trieste. Since the 1980s, the decline of phytoplankton abundance was matched to increasing periods of low runoff, an overall deficits of the precipitation and to a decrease of phosphate availability in the coastal waters (-0.003 μmol L-1 yr-1), even in the presence of large riverine inputs of nitrogen and silicates. This trend of oligotrophication was reversed in the 2010s by the beginning of a new and unexpected phase of climatic instability, which also caused changes of the composition and seasonal cycle of phytoplankton community. Beyond the management of nutrient loads, it was shown that climatic drivers like seawater warming, precipitation and wind regime affect both nutrient balance and phytoplankton community in this coastal zone.

Climatic and anthropogenic impacts of environmental conditions and phytoplankton community in the Gulf of Trieste (Northern Adriatic Sea).

Cabrini M;Kralj M;De Vittor C;Giani M
2020

Abstract

Abstract: During the last century, human activities have exerted an increasing pressure on coastal ecosystems, primarily inducing their eutrophication, with a more recent partial mitigation of this phenomenon where improvements of environmental management practices were adopted. However, a reanalysis of the pressures on coastal zones and surrounding drainage basins is needed, because of the alterations induced nowadays by the climate changes. A comparative analysis of long-term oceanographic and environmental data series (1986 - 2018) was performed, in order to highlight the effects of anthropogenic and climatic disturbances on phytoplankton community in the Gulf of Trieste. Since the 1980s, the decline of phytoplankton abundance was matched to increasing periods of low runoff, an overall deficits of the precipitation and to a decrease of phosphate availability in the coastal waters (-0.003 μmol L-1 yr-1), even in the presence of large riverine inputs of nitrogen and silicates. This trend of oligotrophication was reversed in the 2010s by the beginning of a new and unexpected phase of climatic instability, which also caused changes of the composition and seasonal cycle of phytoplankton community. Beyond the management of nutrient loads, it was shown that climatic drivers like seawater warming, precipitation and wind regime affect both nutrient balance and phytoplankton community in this coastal zone.
phytoplankton abundance, chlorophyll a, nutrient biogeochemistry, runoff, precipitation, coastal zones, climate changes, seasonal cycle, long-term trends
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Cozzi et al., 2020.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Altro materiale allegato
Licenza: Non specificato
Dimensione 9.23 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
9.23 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/1327
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact