Seismic-while-drilling (SWD) by drill-bit source has been successfully used in the past few decades and is proven using variable configurations in onshore applications. The method creates a reverse vertical seismic profile (RVSP) data set from surface sensors deployed as arrays in the proximity of the monitored wells. The typical application makes use of rig-pilot reference (pilot) sensors at the top of the drill string and also downhole. This approach provides while-drilling checkshots as well as multioffset RVSP for 2D and 3D imaging around the well and prediction ahead of the bit. For logistical (sensor deployment) and cost (rig time related to technical installation) reasons, the conventional drill-bit SWD application is typically much easier onshore than offshore. We have developed a novel approach that uses a network of passive-monitoring sea-bottom nodes predeployed for microseismic monitoring to simultaneously and effectively record offshore SWD data. We study the results of a pilot test in which we passively monitored the drilling of an appraisal well at the Wisting discovery in the Barents Sea with an ocean-bottom cable deployed temporarily around the drilling rig. The continuous passive recording of vibration signals emitted during the drilling of the well provides the SWD data set, which is treated as an RVSP. The study is performed without rig-pilot signal. The results are compared with legacy data and demonstrate the effectiveness of the approach and point to future applications for real-time monitoring of the drilling progress, in terms of geosteering the drill bit and predicting formation properties ahead of the bit by reflection imaging.

Seismic-while-drilling by drill-bit source and large-aperture ocean-bottom array

Bellezza C;
2022

Abstract

Seismic-while-drilling (SWD) by drill-bit source has been successfully used in the past few decades and is proven using variable configurations in onshore applications. The method creates a reverse vertical seismic profile (RVSP) data set from surface sensors deployed as arrays in the proximity of the monitored wells. The typical application makes use of rig-pilot reference (pilot) sensors at the top of the drill string and also downhole. This approach provides while-drilling checkshots as well as multioffset RVSP for 2D and 3D imaging around the well and prediction ahead of the bit. For logistical (sensor deployment) and cost (rig time related to technical installation) reasons, the conventional drill-bit SWD application is typically much easier onshore than offshore. We have developed a novel approach that uses a network of passive-monitoring sea-bottom nodes predeployed for microseismic monitoring to simultaneously and effectively record offshore SWD data. We study the results of a pilot test in which we passively monitored the drilling of an appraisal well at the Wisting discovery in the Barents Sea with an ocean-bottom cable deployed temporarily around the drilling rig. The continuous passive recording of vibration signals emitted during the drilling of the well provides the SWD data set, which is treated as an RVSP. The study is performed without rig-pilot signal. The results are compared with legacy data and demonstrate the effectiveness of the approach and point to future applications for real-time monitoring of the drilling progress, in terms of geosteering the drill bit and predicting formation properties ahead of the bit by reflection imaging.
SWD
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/1709
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