Two years-data (May 2011eFebruary 2013) obtained from a monthly sampling carried out at the coastal long term Ecological Research station C1-LTER in the Gulf of Trieste (northern Adriatic Sea) were ana- lysed to describe the seasonal dynamics and diversity of coccolithophore assemblages and to assess their relationship with environmental forcing.Coccolithophores represented 10.7% of the total Utermo€hl phytoplankton that were mainly dominated by small (<10 mm) flagellates and diatoms (62.2% and 24.8% of total abundances, respectively). Cocco- lithophore abundances obtained by polarized light microscopy analysis ranged from 0.2 to 35.3 $ 104 coccospheres L 1 with a mean value of 5.2 $ 104 coccospheres L 1. A marked seasonal pattern was observed with a main peak in DecembereFebruary (2.5e31.5 $ 104 coccospheres L 1), in correspondence of the winter mixing, mainly due to Emiliania huxleyi, and a secondary peak in MayeJune (0.7e15.0 $ 104 coccospheres L 1), coinciding with the increase of the light intensity and the beginning of the seasonal stratification, dominated by holococcolithophores and small Syracosphaera species. The most abundant taxa were E. huxleyi and holococcolithophores, followed by Acanthoica quattrospina, Syracosphaera spe- cies and other minor species. Statistical analyses recognized four distinct groups, corresponding to seasonal variations of environmental conditions. Considering the two years, some species displayed a recurrent seasonal pattern highlighting possible species-specific ecological requirements, while others showed an interannual variability probably due to local factors.

Coccolithophore diversity and dynamics at a coastal site in the Gulf of Trieste (northern Adriatic Sea)

Cerino F;Fornasaro D;Kralj M;Cabrini M
2017

Abstract

Two years-data (May 2011eFebruary 2013) obtained from a monthly sampling carried out at the coastal long term Ecological Research station C1-LTER in the Gulf of Trieste (northern Adriatic Sea) were ana- lysed to describe the seasonal dynamics and diversity of coccolithophore assemblages and to assess their relationship with environmental forcing.Coccolithophores represented 10.7% of the total Utermo€hl phytoplankton that were mainly dominated by small (<10 mm) flagellates and diatoms (62.2% and 24.8% of total abundances, respectively). Cocco- lithophore abundances obtained by polarized light microscopy analysis ranged from 0.2 to 35.3 $ 104 coccospheres L 1 with a mean value of 5.2 $ 104 coccospheres L 1. A marked seasonal pattern was observed with a main peak in DecembereFebruary (2.5e31.5 $ 104 coccospheres L 1), in correspondence of the winter mixing, mainly due to Emiliania huxleyi, and a secondary peak in MayeJune (0.7e15.0 $ 104 coccospheres L 1), coinciding with the increase of the light intensity and the beginning of the seasonal stratification, dominated by holococcolithophores and small Syracosphaera species. The most abundant taxa were E. huxleyi and holococcolithophores, followed by Acanthoica quattrospina, Syracosphaera spe- cies and other minor species. Statistical analyses recognized four distinct groups, corresponding to seasonal variations of environmental conditions. Considering the two years, some species displayed a recurrent seasonal pattern highlighting possible species-specific ecological requirements, while others showed an interannual variability probably due to local factors.
Coccolithophores Long-term ecological research time-series North Adriatic Seasonality Species diversity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14083/335
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